Last August 6, 2018, President Duterte signed into law Republic Act No. 11055, also known as “An Act Establishing the Philippine Identification System (or “National ID Act”).”  The Act seeks to establish a single national identification system referred to as the “Philippine Identification System” or the “PhilSys” for all citizens...

The Philippine judicial system, despite best efforts to keep apace with technological advances, remains largely non-electronic. Digitized record-keeping in the courts is not widespread; the submission of pleadings in electronic formats is almost unheard of. The handling of electronic evidence is potentially rife with inaccuracies, given the lack of technological...

Differentiating between Opt-in and Opt-out   “Opt-in” and “Opt-out” are means by which a Data Processor secures consent from a Data Subject. The primary difference between the two is that the “Opting-in” is an active form of giving one’s consent where the user takes affirmative action to offer their consent, while “Opting-out”...

Cloud Computing Services in the Philippines and Data Privacy   Every day, we see the impact of the digital age on  traditional industries and businesses. For example, the print industry (i.e. newspapers, magazines, books) is struggling to compete with their electronic counterparts. Either they beat the digital form, or they join it....